One of the most important Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is on education which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Since education transforms lives, it is at the heart of UNESCO’s mission to build peace, eradicate poverty and drive sustainable development. 

Nigeria as one of the signatories to the global goals is not doing enough in funding the education which is a human right for all. It is alarming the meager allocation for education in the proposed 2020 Budget presented by President Muhammadu Buhari.

The annual federal budget which sums up the government’s revenue and expenditure for a fiscal year, which traditionally runs from January 1 to December 31 each year has not been adequate in the educational sector.

We should realize that the budget gives a detailed spending plan on financial activities, especially on goods and services like education, healthcare, power, roads and security of life. It also influences many facets of monetary policies on interest rates, exchange rate, and economic growth.

Despite the humongous size and rapid increase in the annual budget, the allocation to the educational sector has calamitously been depreciating over the years. The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in one of its reports disclosed that Nigeria has the highest number of children out of school in the world with 10.5 million children not being educated. Is it not sad that our best university in Nigeria only ranks “401” in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings?

In its ‘Education for All, EFA, 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges’ the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), recommended that 15 to 20 percent should be allocated to education in the national budgets of developing countries. It also proposed that governments should spend between four percent and six percent of GNP on education.

It is worrisome, therefore, the obvious decline in the budgetary allocations for education in the 2020 budgets as most funds are allocated to security, works and housing even the 2019 budget for education fell below the 15 percent to 20 percent minimum recommended by UNESCO to developing countries.

Despite this recommendation by UNESCO, the education sector in 2019 got N620.5bn (about 7.05 percent) of the Federal budget not reaching the 15 percent to 20 percent benchmark. Over the years, the Nigeria’s educational budget allocation keeps rotating around 5% to 7% which I strongly believe is inadequate to curb the menace of low level of education, large percentage of out-of-school children, dilapidating infrastructures and poor teaching staff.

Surprisingly, President Muhammadu Buhari has on several occasions emphasized the importance and the need for heavy investment in education. In a meeting with the Nigerian Community in France during a visit in November 2018, Buhari said his government was reviewing investments in the entire infrastructure of the country with the desire to make more funds available for education.

Similarly, during a courtesy visit by the former US Ambassador to the United Nations, Andrew Young in August 2019, Buhari told his guest that he was more concerned towards investing more on health and education.

While inaugurating the postgraduate center of excellence at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, President Buhari said it was no longer a secret that the state of facilities in institutions of higher learning had not kept pace with the requirements of the ever-growing population of students and other stakeholders or with modern methods of learning. He therefore assured Nigerians that his administration was committed and determined to continue to fund vital institutions, even in the face of limited financial resources.

With all the promises by President Muhammadu Buhari, there are higher expectations than adequate budgetary provisions would be made to the education sector.

It is, therefore, necessary to urge the members of the National Assembly (NASS) to review the budget estimate and provide adequate funding to the educational sector. Rather than engaging in political rhetoric and promises, public officers should consider priority areas of needs that are encompassed in the 17 United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) of which education is one of the most important priorities and focus areas.

Quality education does not only develop human skills and knowledge of the people or labor force of the country but it is also a source of economic activities that attract foreign investments, as well as foreign investors and students.


Saad Yushau Shuaib

Wuye District, Abuja